Okay, so that you have finally done landscaping your lawn and it’s also gorgeous…as long as sunlight is up. Wouldn’t following the sun goes down also you love to take pleasure in the beauty? The easiest way is by using lowvoltage landscape light. You have set a lot of time and thought into preparing the keeping of plants, your woods, deck and pool. Today it really is time for you to prepare your outdoor illumination. Attractive outdoor light is simple to program for it one move atatime.
The initial step in planning your task would be to choose the result you would like and that which you want to illuminate. These two items can determine the type of lamps you will need and their place. There are lots of various lighting practices that may create unique outcomes.
Place Light showcases fascinating characteristics for example structure, bushes, woods and statuaries.
By spreading a darkness at first glance behind the item being outlined shadow Light features branch composition or exciting patterns.
Underwater Illumination promotes the beauty of fountain, pool or the lake.
Grazing brings out the feel of chimneys, fences, surfaces.
Moon Lighting generates moonlight filtering down through pine branches’ comfortable effect.
Walkway Lighting brings safety, exposure and security and certainly will also highlight plants and bushes across the pathway.
While enabling friends to understand steps correctly move Lighting provides and gardening and elegance.
Safety or Motioncontrol Lighting will help through the elimination of dark areas where intruders could cover prevent against crime and undesirable insects.
By silhouetting the object on the surface behind it silhouetting shows materials with interesting patterns or plants with appealing part construction.
Sign Illumination will keep your signs lighted and beneficial when it’s black outside.
Down-Lighting mimics natural light for amusing in addition to lighting for security and safety.
Up Lighting dramatically shows the sweetness of flags, statuary, bushes and executive types, particularly ones which might be big.
Spread Light illuminates low bushes, groundcover and flowers. Branching Lights Additionally it may be used underwater to illuminate an ornamental pool.
Your veranda will be brought by terrace light to life during the night whilst it allows guests to steer your deck securely. Patio fixtures may be installed on posts, below benches and railings or instep risers.
- With a buddy allow you to by glowing a torch on items examination the keeping your lights you think you need to light. Make records of which kind of illumination is not worst in the direction together with each spot that the consequence you need is achieved by best. Likewise, be sure the lighting isn’t planning to shine within your neighbor’s screen.
- Sketch a “bird’s-eye view” of the yard on graph paper demonstrating principal characteristics including woods, landscapes, walkways, drives and walls. Subsequently story where each fixture is going to be put.
- Determine if you like to utilize low-voltage solar light or. Solar illumination is wonderful for artistic functions and involves no wiring simply because their own energy runs off. Low-voltage sunlight is n’t required by them for energy plus outdoor lighting is richer than solar illumination.
- When you decide which types of lights you’ll need and just how many, decide if you want to buy light packages or even a custom system. Systems are an easy way to get started and frequently incorporate several types of fittings, cable, lamps and controls. In order to customize your landscaping lighting project most of the required parts may also be bought individually.
- Ensure you have the right-size power pack for your project. A merchant at your hardware retailer can help you decide which power pack you will need. Branching Lights Branching Bubble Chandelier You may need to add the full total electricity of the lamps up and be sure the total wattage is significantly less than 100% of the ability group rating. To help you include more illumination later on 80% is a great guideline,.
Now that you have prepared your outdoor illumination task, fire the barbecue up and you just need to do the installation.
There are always a large amount of fantastic suggestions on the market on landscape light. The factor to complete is to attain security for your visitors and you. Subsequently, to improve the home’s wonder. Here are five ways to do both:
1. Deck and Decks
Decks and backyards are created to be spots for amusement but with no correct lighting they could be incredibly hazardous, particularly if you have any elevation adjustments in any respect like sitting or methods. Scenery lamps can be added to a patio or veranda very easily allow it to be a pleasing spot to be for outdoor living and to illuminate these elevation adjustments. There are many solutions just like the recessed lamps that suit flush in to the terrace itself. They’re also incredibly resilient and certainly will actually be stepped on with out shattering. Another solution for deck light could be to possess bulbs to the deck. Patio lamps will be considered a lovely addition to your patio and can be found in a variety of size and shapes. With appropriate planning they can be part of the layout and add an architectural component to your terrace or terrace. Another choice to consider is putting article top lamps to your patio. Your deck design might benefit from the detail that is additional.
2. Water Characteristics and Fountain Illumination
Landscape illumination can enrich water functions including features with unbelievable consequences. A fountain can glow plus a tiny lake might be transformed from below the water area with LED lighting. Select the appropriate lighting on your condition though and you intend to make certain; it’ll produce most of difference of your water feature will be understood in terms,. Branching Chandelier The choice for feature illumination may be the lighting that is submersible. These lights are placed upwards that was underwater to produce a glistening effect. Additionally they help to illuminate channels of water while they flow into the basin of the feature. Colored filters might be included for imagination. LED landscape lighting is an excellent choice for features since is significantly less expensive than conventional incandescent lighting and so they are available in several stunning hues as well. Solar lighting is definitely best and the lowest priced to set up and is becoming a common choice for many because of this. Nonetheless, you might not get enough light on your unique location with solar landscape light, although engineering is currently getting better. A bit planning will be taken by picking the correct illumination techniques for your fountain on your component. You will need to try out a flashlight during the night to find out precisely the areas which will best serve you for the fountain light task.
3. Path Lighting
Since it provides protection together with enhances walkway lighting is vital, the components used on the journey in addition to surrounding plants. The program these days is solar illumination. You could add your pathways in as low as 2 hours and solar illumination and for significantly less than $150. Lighting sets usually come quite a few lights, wiring and your power supply.
Tree lighting frequently entails up down or / lighting and lighting. Branching Chandelier Up-lighting can completed with lamps that is fitted at the bottom of the shrub or around the drop range and focused up towards twigs and the start. This can be a fantastic strategy if you have example trees with branching habits that are exciting, for example the Trees. Branching Chandelier Solar illumination might not be the solution that is very best here as it may enough dark to complete the effect. Down lighting is another option for tree-lighting. Rising lamps in significant bushes on offices that are established then striving the lamps downward to highlight bedding locations.
Another tree lighting selection is by using the Moonlight Bulbs. This is a rather fresh merchandise for there shatter resistant design nevertheless they have gained honors. The bulbs are available in four sizes: 10?, 14?, 22? and 30? Height and are also available in half globes. The bulbs are also obtainable in many different colors and types that will actually add your scenery and some imagination and life. They’re battery-operated or hard wired and can be hung out of your trees that are established. Additionally they include speakers for ambiance.
5. Wall Lighting
Wall illumination can be carried out in a number of methods. One strategy is “grazing”. Grazing is achieved by adding a lighting around 6″ of your wall in the edge and striving it up the wall. The textures of your house, retaining walls or walls will be highlighted and highlighted using this method. Another way is by using spot lighting. By sometimes up or down-lighting place lighting can be done. By shadowing it, an innovative method to use position lighting is by up lighting a shrub or any decorative framework, like a sculpture. Shadowing is achieved by setting a lighting behind the object and looking the lighting. Silhouetting an item is of up lighting a wall using spotlights another example,. You’ll want to identify your landscape lighting between your
Jewish mysticism shows us that each living being is really a special yacht keeping the same heavenly light. The vessel is our physicality, every one molded, damaged or broken in a completely distinctive means by our specific experiences gathered while in the passage of years within the real world. The options ourselves, the amount of our own awareness that is awakened and we produce, the capacity to reduce others helps or prevents the light sparkle is allow by us. The lighting within will be the supply of such as those introduced this day, glowing through distinct ships revealing just how much we have all as a common factor, all religious and religious customs. Where do we discover the lessons that aid people shine?
Several have see the book, ” Everything I Have To Learn I Discovered in Kindergarten.” Probably a variation around the style might be “everything I must understand I discovered from your pine in my yard.” I want consider her lessons to heart. This superb educator, strong and large, expands her enormous branches supplying tone not simply the several finches and who get in her pound but although to us. Branching Bubble Chandelier From her protective being-ness, I discover profile. In be-ing, I eliminate myself from worries of the past and concerns about an unidentified potential. Existence. Unity. I breathe – therefore I’m. Branching Lights
She reminds me that there’s to living peaceably an all order. Once I look directly, I remember that her strong branches emerge from her effective shoe not in a few haphazard approach as it may first seem, fairly her limbs control right out of the heart in an ordered fashion, every one rising distant enough from the one which emerged before to ensure the older branches have area to develop also and certainly will entry to sunshine because of their leaves. About sharing sources which I have to training mindfully, I learn from her symmetry.
True – she was there first, and will also be there long after we’ve eliminated, although her roots do raise and break the stones of our patio. From her, I learn forbearance and durability that I am aware offer us well because the growing winds of fast change setback through our lives.
I enjoy her stop. Branching Bubble Chandelier She’s. At timeis conclusion, ever so quickly, she releases her hold on those leaves whose time has come. She produces them to generate means for the newest progress. Oh, at the conclusion of each and every morning, as she produces her leaves to help you to decrease as carefully problems and regrets, frustrations that cloud our intrinsic lighting. These are a few of Nature’s silent, instructions that are yet clear we could study once we lives of or however the busyness.
Staring at a Christmas tree and all of the lights we place over our windows and also landscapes will make you see how folks of the generations celebrated Holiday. Certainly, there is no energy at that time, so that they absolutely did not have lights in their own or any Holiday lights. There have been no rope lights that decorated households during Christmas, or even party lights during gatherings and activities.
It has been stated that what folks I did so during Holiday was to decorate bushes and position candles in tactical locations to the tree such that it could illuminate the ornaments which hung on its limbs. It’s not really a quite sensible method to decorate for Holiday as you risk burning the tree and beginning a big fire in the act if you think about it. There’s likewise the smoke produced from the candles to consider, as well as the wax that drips in the candles which you will need to clear down and eliminate. Since strong winds can certainly blow out the candle most significantly, you’ll must watch while the candles burn.
Candles were an incredibly pricey product at the time, since energy wasn’t yet invented. Plus, lighting bushes with candles are something just the abundant may manage during the time, since most people would rather like lighting their properties as an example using candles to get a more realistic means. So, lit woods during Holiday were just for the abundant in the times.
Both applying hooks to ensure that they can stay in area, or sticking them to the branches added to the branches of woods these candles. Ultimately, candleholders were applied, after which lanterns were used as a method to position the candles over the bushes. But since bushes might ultimately dry up, and the candles could be blown to by winds, this action which just the wealthy could afford at that time, ultimately became a fire hazard that was dangerous.
It had been around 1822 when Edward Johnson, came up with electronic Holiday lights. His creation of the Holiday lights was around 80 lamps it had been certainly not that considerably in comparison to what we have nowadays, nonetheless it was absolutely a big strike in the past. In 1917, because of this of a flame caused over a Christmas tree by candles, Albert Sadecca developed protection lamps which both could be used both indoors and outdoors. At-first, the bulbs were consumed lots of electricity, which made it initially designed for the rich people and hardly small.
Using the advancements in engineering, over-time, smaller lights in various shades started to be produced and were not unavailable. You can find flashing lights that can come in a variety of blue and bright, crimson and green, and lamps, along with other fun hues. These rather lamps are now more energy efficient, resilient, and certainly safer to be used whether inside or outdoors. Recently, nowadays there are LED lights that are recognized for their power to last for a very long time as well as their very little energy usage. Branching Chandelier These lamps can also be now available in versatile wires which built and is often twisted to match any area which is furnished. There’s also frosted lamps available, in addition to battery-operated people, which function being a good decoration for both interior and outside use. These lamps that are frosted immediately provide a Holiday feel and look to any home.
Over the years, with trial and error, not to mention many burned trees and also residences, the fairy lamps we all know today are here. They are smaller, offer more design options, and eat way less electricity than what they did. Branching Bubble Chandelier There are also lamps distinct for outside use because they don’t heat up in any respect and therefore are designed for the harsh outdoors. You’ll be able to pick from string lights which are ideal for decorating windows and surfaces and for wrapping woods, in addition to brightly-coloured party lamps on your events and occasions over. These lights do significantly more than merely jazz up the area in your house. They therefore are especially great for residences with children and provide an atmosphere of enjoyment.
Illumination is essential inside our residences especially if the temperature is depressing or when it’s not light possibly through the night. Along with making our residences lit it’s also required to correct the lamps in a tactics that were stylish and this can be achieved from the usage of numerous roof lights fixtures. You will make use of glass content which is obtainable in a variety of geometrical patterns if you correct the lights. The accessories for the illumination will be fitted rather than hang on the threshold no matter the illumination which could both be to illuminate’s goal, even to feature light or to offer a specific background. In reality, you need to use the ceiling lamps accessories in a variety of rooms like sitting rooms with many individuals, room and sometimes even hallways among other locations. Here are four of fixing lights on the ceilings’ most frequent ways.
a) Necklaces features for lamps – These are limit-lights fixtures that may be employed for the goal of light for a selected undertaking or for general use and also the request will be based on the type of concluding on the lamp. The finishing may be such that a lamp may expand light consistently while in the bedroom or even to primary lighting in a particular way. Additionally, by using these fixtures you need to use only 1 group of the necklaces or location the pendants at various sites inside the space and you can also elect to have a single color on all-the features or even to have a variety of shades.
N) Chandeliers fixtures for lights – This Really Is among the roof lamps that are many beautiful features. This fixture will have limbs from which you can have several bulbs held. Branching Bubble Chandelier Branching Lights The types utilized in the making-of these features vary with regards to the offices involved which establish the quality that is lighting. Nonetheless, you can even decide to possess a chandelier having a simple branch hanging that will store only 1 bulb. Moreover, you’re able to choose to have even a roof installed one or a hanging hanging. Branching Bubble Chandelier
H) Down- features for lights – The reasons of these fixtures are to make sure that lighting is led towards the floor floor. Consequently, they are utilized in locations where the lighting must be aimed. Nonetheless, the resulting column that can range in dimensions depending on the fixture along with the bulb’s design used in combination with the fixture. The principle applications for the gear are over a table where light is provided to get a certain undertaking along with the importance of a specific section of an area.
N) Highlights features for light – These are threshold-lamps accessories that someone could tip, swivel, or angle to be able to concentrate the laser beam on diverse destinations in a space. This kind of lighting is quite beneficial specially when you are having a property party where it could be used to focus on an artist or to raise the lighting feeling. A variance of these features may be the track light. The fixtures can have the down- the spotlights and also lights. These will even have the capability to move possibly via turn or rotating around.
Situated in the upper extremes of Austin, the Wells Branch neighborhood can be a vibrant group founded in 1982. The area is peaceful and quiet, while being in near proximity towards Northern Austin – the brand new Site shopping center’s top jewel. Wells Branch Parkway is among the key veins connecting IH-35 and Mopac, causeing the community available for the employers and colleges of the upper areas and Round Steel, along with to.
Their energetic town organization sponsors many routines, including holiday parties and dance, groups, parades and workout instructions, making a genuine community.
The limits of the Branch area are Wells Branch Parkway south, Mopac towards the west, Grand Parkway towards the north and IH-35 towards the east. Branching Lights Branching Chandelier In addition to the Domain, important shopping areas are not difficult to get to, including the Arboretum along with La Frontera. Branching Lights With a planned halt on Capital City’s fresh light rail company visiting Wells Branch, this location is among the many accessible in the greater Austin area. The initial type of the light-rail is planned to truly have a station inside the Howard Lane location simply West of Mopac.
It’s one of the exceptional treasures in Austin that has a money of services within, and designed for, the city although this community is incredibly accessible. The Wells Municipal Center supplies recycling solutions and a lot more than just trash – it operates like a community heart that is genuine. The MUD gives annual family oriented activities including a Leader Evening celebration and their Funeral Day Enjoyment and Casino Night applications for example fishing centers and swimming instructions, and camps. Throughout the summertime, they present an earlier morning concert series, placed within the playground.
The heart of a nearby is Katherine Fleisher Playground. Featuring sports surfaces, a playscape as well as a pool, this playground includes an unique attribute – an 1850s- period cottage complex readily available for celebrations and excursions locally, termed the Homestead. A pool that is second will come in Wells Department – the Bend share, and North Mills Playground will be the next playground in the neighborhood. Wells Branch Center features a full size basketball court, a workout place with weights that are free and exercise models, and multi-purpose rooms for exercise classes and conferences.
One of interesting offerings of the area and the many unique is the Wells Branch Garden. People share a piece of area specialized in blooms, veggies, along with other plants’ natural cultivations, tending their repair that was designated while keeping cultural bonds with other community people. Their goal would be to come together to cultivate greater greens, locate good organic cures for several troubles, including pests weathering, and also to join on a social level with their neighbors.
Having a large number of amenities inside the community, unparalleled accessibility to all areas of the greater Austin area, and a recognised neighborhood dating back over 1 / 4 of the millennium, Wells Branch holds modern benefits while still delivering a solid foundation.
The Break time is year’s best time, decorating the Christmas Tree as well as my residence. Just how can you string lights on the Christmas-Tree? On we go of stringing Christmas Lights on our Bushes to the fine art…and yes, it could be considered an art. And to some an excellent art.
Be sure that before you begin, to get everything you need available. This will eliminate not having anything you will need while you are the ladder. Therefore we will start out with the hierarchy, ensure you have tiny ladder or a durable ladder useful. You’ll need this when you are covering top of the limbs, even with a tiny pine, being on the ladder makes stringing your lamps much more easy.
You’ll obviously require perhaps a step on-off/on-switch wire or your lights, an extension cord if the outlet isn’t shut, makes lighting your shrub more easy plus some persistence.
Would you not be unsurprised to understand it is encouraged which you start stringing your Christmas Tree lights at the end? We had usually started at the very top. Reason being.. Branching Chandelier . not and the electrical outlet can not be followed by you with the line of lights from stringing from the top have too much or inadequate remaining. Never thought of it like that before. You will even be able in the first place the proper man/female associations, actually line lamps and get two stops that are female?
While designing your Christmas-Tree, generally begin with the lights. The lamps are first thing that should be put-on before garland. Before you start, be sure that the lights have been in working order, nothing worse than placing the lights on the pine and the strand is not currently performing.
As your lamps are strung by you work with an action one-light that is weaving under the next light along with a department over, over and under. Put the cord into the limbs hence the cable doesn’t present.
Estimate your area when you work your lights in to stagger, the branches and area your rows to ensure that you will find sections or no simple areas of lamps together. Be especially careful never to heap the lights towards the top of the tree. Branching Chandelier The tree’s very best should be the showplace for your cover.
If you determine you need more lamps on your own Christmas Tree, utilize additional strings and duplicate the procedure of weaving from the tree’s top for the base. Branching Chandelier
Not sure exactly how many lamps you need, there will be of thumb a fast rule to consider the elevation of instances and the tree by 10. As an example, a six foot shrub could around 60-feet…I am aware I move way overboard on the level of lights on my tree but just can’t help it.
Given that you’ve concluded stringing and so are satisfied with the lamps in your Christmas-Tree, it is time for you to decorate your decorate whichever tickles your nice and your tree with ornaments, garland…
Make sure that before you receive to have most of the materials you need not unavailable. This can eradicate devoid of an offer that is needed when you are the to the ladder. So we are going to start with the ladder, ensure you have ladder that is tiny or a robust step ladder available. You will require this while you are currently draping top of the divisions, in spite of a quick pine, being on a ladder makes stringing your lights a lot more practical.
You will of course require your lights, an extension cord if the plug is not nearby or even a phase on off/on switch cable, makes lighting your tree inconvenience-free, together with some endurance. Branching Lights
Could you be astonished to find out it is more advisable that you simply start draping your Christmas-Tree LED lights in the bottom? We had often initiated towards the top. Explanation being: it is possible to follow the electrical store with all the sequence of LED lights and never not enough outstanding from holding from the top or have toomuch. Never regarded it like that before. You’ll also not be unable to begin with the correct guy/ connections that are feminine, previously hang LED lamps and end up getting a set of feminine ends?
While cutting your Christmas Tree, generally begin with the lights. The lights would be the primary target that needs to be put up before garland. Before beginning, make sure the lamps are operating nothing worse than hanging the lamps up about the pine and the string isn’t lighting-up.
While your LED lamps are hung up by you utilize a weaving action one light beneath the next lighting along with a division beneath, above and above. Press on the wire to the divisions hence the wire has gone out of view. Branching Chandelier
Estimate your house so that you can find no clear places or sections of lights together when you incorporate your lamps into the twigs, different and disseminate your rows. Be particularly mindful to not pack the lamps together in the topmost the main pine. The tree’s top must be the unique spot for the pad.
Employ additional strings if you think you will need added lamps in your Christmas Tree and repeat of weaving towards the bottom from the the top of tree the way in which.
Not constructive exactly how many lamps you’re looking for, grow by 10 and a fast principle would be to gauge the elevation of the pine. As an example, a six- pine could demand about 60 feet… I am aware I go the very best on the level of lamps on my – tree over but cannot help it.
Given that you’re performed stringing and so are pleased about the DIRECTED lamps on your Christmas-Tree, it’s time for you to enhance your tree with trinkets, garland and whichever pleases your imagination…
Bright line lamps are a cheap approach to put in a joyous feeling for your celebration. You will be only cost $5 to $20 by a strand depending on the length of the string lights and also the company. Branching Chandelier With cost and extremely minimal work you may make any party venue more appealing. Listed below are a couple of ways ways to utilize bright sequence lamps on your party:
If you are having your celebration outdoors then there are lots how you can use white lights to make you party an even more joyful one of options. For those who have trees in your yard if they are medium-sized or big you can make use of your lamps to hold on sequence. Only use a hierarchy to hang the lights in the offices. That you don’t must hold them in a specific design. Only hold them from your tree branches randomly. Hang many of them around the bigger limbs and some around the tree’s lower offices. Branching Lights Bright chain lights can make your party that is outdoor look incredibly magical. They will resemble tiny fairy lights hovering over your tree. Simply spot benches or several seats under the tree that is lighted and also you possess a perfect seating location where your friends could appreciate the organization of each other and some drinks.
Interior Accent Lighting
You can still utilize bright lights to the primary lighting of the space as an accent if you should be having an event indoors then. Branching Chandelier You’re able to hang a few lengths in your wall or you may also hold an entire wall of chain lights to really make the room even more appealing. Just dim most of your illumination which means the light in the bright line lights can be better appreciated by your attendees.
A Canopy Of Light
In case you are surviving in an apartment along with the spot can be a bit cramped then one way to use bright sequence lights in this limited-space is to hold them from the living room’s threshold. Just fix with selection wires and make sure they are appear to be a-star- evening filled sky. Before you attach the bright line lights to generate it look better still, you’re able to include your family room limit with dark fabric. It’ll generate the consequence that you would like to reach, which really is a night sky filled up with countless stars that are brilliant. It is like bringing the outdoors straight into your livingroom. Your visitors will really recognize the effort you built to produce a mysterious feeling on your celebration.
Holiday brings a lot of celebration and decoration withit and it is clear also. Everyone wants to do everything they could do to decorate their properties, since Holiday comes in a year. Holiday design is not colorful without Holiday lights and Holiday lighting implies a large amount of light.
Whenever your Christmas design supplies lighting effects, it offers a welcome to visitors. Cautiously choose the spot where you will fit your Holiday lighting to be sure that each improvement makes the greatest influence, while planning your Holiday design. Below are a few Christmas lighting suggestions that are interior.
Decoration is an excellent approach without troubling the complete room to carry additional light to your dining room or your kitchen,. To produce a simple decoration, location square pillar candles in different heights over a flat serving recipe and spot evergreen offices to get a refreshing smell inside your dining room around the candles’ angles. For natural check out your decoration, gather twigs that are simple, breeze Christmas lights that are bright round the branches and spot them on the serving dish that is long.
For illumination that is powerful indoor Holiday, dress up and enhance crops which can be standing within the sides of one’s space. This can be a great way to incorporate lighting that is creative and special to your interior decoration. To achieve that you’ll be able to add the plant’s limbs and strings of light together.
Use reflective and structure areas to take the day light’s most benefit from a large window. Reduce your satin lace in numerous programs and tie a Christmas ornament to each ribbon with a bow’s end. Branching Lights Wrap the ribbons towards the curtain pole or anywhere’s ends on the top of the screen, planning them in a way that each one of these weighs at a different period. Throughout the day period, the sun light will be reflected by the ornaments from exterior, as well as in the morning, the lamps is likely to make a gentle light to the lace.
It’s a creative method to employ small clear Christmas lights in a big standard vessel. Branching Bubble Chandelier You rent or can purchase a stone drill-bit that is particular to drill a gap in the jar nearby the underside, huge enough to fit the lamps through’s area. Use blinking, distinct lights for this task. Fill the bottle whole and use this homemade light for outdoor or interior nighttime celebrations. Stick it on the floor, most likely in a large part, and transform it on. Friends and family will like it.
Remember, if done out of your center whatever you need to do for your Christmas design will not look bad. Nonetheless, you read or can consult posts on the net for assistance that is further. Happy holidays.